Midjourney: How to Use Bot Commands, Settings, and Features

A cartoon robot giving commands for Midjourney
A cartoon robot giving commands for Midjourney

Midjourney is a fantastic AI art generator I’ve been using for almost half a year. Since the beginning, I have been extremely impressed. While it didn’t quite stand up to DALL-E or some versions of Stable Diffusion, it was an open beta and you could use the images commercially if you wished to. But since then, they’ve come out with version 3 and more recently, version 4 of Midjourney, which has blown my socks off.

In all honesty, I can’t wait for Midjourney’s version 4 (which you can see in the “/settings” denoted as “MJ4”) to be finished with its beta, as I have a lot of silly plans to use the added features in the future.

Anyway, you’re likely here because you want to improve your Midjourney skills. Luckily, as we all know, it’s incredibly easy to use once you get it set up and running in Discord. Simply type in a basic text of what you want the AI art generator to create, wait up to a minute, and voila, you have a brand new piece of art that didn’t exist before.

But if you’re reading this, I bet you didn’t know there are a lot more functions on Midjourney, most people simply don’t make use of them. This article will attempt to briefly explain every single command and function in Midjourney, and I’ll do my best to update it as more new functions come out.

If you encounter any errors in Midjourney or can’t even see the “/imagine” function pop-up, this page lists all the known errors and how to fix them.

How to Use Midjourney’s Bot Commands and Instructions

This guide assumes you are already set up with Midjourney in Discord and discusses all of the various functions and commands you can use to interact with Midjourney’s AI image-generating software. Let’s jump in.

How do I use “/imagine”?

In Discord, type in “/imagine” then press <spacebar> either once or twice until a mini-pop-up that says “prompt” displays. Now you can type in any text you want to see for your desired image. After you’ve typed it, simply press enter and wait for it to compile.

What does the 🔄 refresh button do?

When you click the 🔄 refresh button, it will re-run the same submission again. When it does that, you can expect different results, of course. Sometimes they can be more or less related to the original image output, but that can often depend on the different settings you’re using. You can also click it more than once, which will run separate jobs.

Basically, if you want to iterate, hit the refresh button.

What does the U1 button mean?

After you’ve made an image, you’ll see a U1, U2, U3, U4 option underneath. In this case, the U stands for “upscale” and the number (1 to 4) stands for which image you want to select. Since the default option is to create 4 images with every new job or prompt, the numbers go from 1 to 4 and stand for their positioning.

It goes like this:

1 2
3 4

So, if you hit U4, it would upscale the last image. Upscaling is simply making a more detailed image of the one you have, often either twice or four times the quality. Currently, the maximum resolution of an image in version 3 of Midjourney is 2048 x 2048. The default maximum size, unless changed, is set to 1664 x 1664 pixels.

Since Midjourney version 4 is still in beta, the maximum size it allows is 1024 x 1024.

They haven’t stated plans to change this, but know that the maximum file size is roughly 3MB, so all of the potential resolutions are based around that.

What does the V1 button mean?

Like the U1 button, the number in the V1, V2, V3, V4 buttons corresponds to which image you want to tinker with. The V in this case stands for “variations” and is how you can iterate images you want to look more like one of the specific selections. Midjourney creates four images in a box by default, and sometimes only one of them catches your eye, but it’s not quite there yet. That’s when you hit the V1 to V4 button and reiterate that image until you find a result you’re happy with.

The numbering goes like this:

1  2
3  4

What does “/info” do in Midjourney?

The /info command in Midjourney

Using the “/info” command in Discord in the Midjourney bot shows all of your account information.

In particular, it shows your:

  • Subscription — which services you pay for, if it’s active or not, and when the account was renewed
  • Which job mode you’re using — You can choose fast (for faster images, duh) or relaxed, which don’t use up your “Fast Time”
  • Fast Time Remaining — how much “Fast Time” you have left on this month’s subscription cycle
  • Visibility Mode — if you don’t pay extra to have Private mode engaged on Midjourney, all of your images can be seen by the public (and you can see theirs in turn, too
  • Lifetime Usage — How many images and hours of computing time you’ve made since the beginning of this account, since this is my second account, I can’t see all of my previous work
  • Relaxed Usage — How many images and hours of computing time you’ve used in relaxed mode. Note, if you’re in relax mode, you can’t use the “Upscale to Max” function
  • Metered Usage — If you’ve run out of Fast Time and elect to continue using them within a single billing cycle, the additional images and hours of computing time you’ve spent money on will appear here
  • Queued Jobs — You can only queue up 7 additional jobs at any given point, giving a total limit of 10 jobs entered before you have to wait to run more, it will show you how many jobs you have remaining here after the original 3 “running jobs”
  • Running Jobs — You can have up to 3 jobs running at any given time (3 commands entered) with 7 queued jobs after

What does “/invite” do?

You can generate an invitation link, which is sent to your DM (direct message) folder where you can then send it to a friend or someone to join the specific server you’re using. As an added boost, it gives some free computing time to spend on Midjourney.

What does “/help” do?

Typing in “/help” will bring up a list of resources made by the Midjourney team to help you navigate the software.

What does “/subscribe” do in Midjourney?

Typing in “/subscribe” brings up a link to go to Midjourney’s subscription page. Right now they have a basic membership for $10 a month, a standard membership for $30, an additional private mode for $20 a month, and a corporate membership for $600 a year.

What does “/fast” and “/relax” mean in Midjourney?

By default, fast mode is turned on for new users. Essentially, it means your jobs and images will be created a lot faster than using the relax mode. But, the amount is limited according to your subscription plan. If you run out, you can choose to pay for incremental usage or switch to relax mode. In relax mode, you also can’t use the “upscale to max” function.

What does “/show” mean in Midjourney?

If you type in “/show” and type in the Job ID of any previous work you’ve made, it will bring up the image for you to see again, alongside the variation buttons.

What does “/private” and “/public” do in Midjourney?

Typing in either “/private” or “/public” simply toggles between the private and public mode for your images. As implied, private mode means only you (and potentially employees at Midjourney) can see your generated images, and public is anyone using Midjourney’s gallery.

What does “- -h” and “- -w” do in Midjourney?

You can add in the “- -h” and “- -w” functions at the end of your prompt in Midjourney to adjust the height and width of the produced images. They were built to work in multiples of 64, which looks like this:

  • 64, 128, 192, 256, 320, 384, 448, 512, 576, 640, 704, 768, 832, 896, 960, 1024

Note, they have a maximum value of 1024 or you’ll get an error. It’s also advised by Midjourney to instead use the “- -ar” function.

What does “- -seed” do in Midjourney?

Using the “- -seed” function is a way to kind of keep your new images similar to the older ones you specify. When you run a prompt that ends with “- -seed” it marks that as a special generation. If you then run another prompt and type in the same “- -seed” number, it will use the same “noise” it used to create your original image, making another image very similar to the original.

For example, you could type in:

/imagine a teddy bear hat --seed 1234

And it will mark that output as being special. You can then recall it anytime by typing in “- -seed” with the same number, again. Note, the numbers have to be a whole number and between 0 and 4294967295.

Every image generates a seed, but if you don’t specify it, it’s random and not shown visibly. If you want to see the value, you can use the envelope emoji ✉️ button to get the values sent to your DM.

Using the “- -sameseed” function works the same way, except it applies the seed to all 4 generated images in the grid.

What does “- -no” do in Midjourney?

If you want to exclude something from your image, append the “- -no” function to the end of your prompts. It’s called negative prompting, and you can use similar commands in Google search, too.

For example, “- -frogs” in a prompt of “/imagine a wonderful pond” would try to reduce or eliminate any images of a frog appearing. It can be finicky though and I find it doesn’t work a lot of the time.

What does “- -iw” do in Midjourney?

The “- -iw” command in Midjourney stands for “image weight.” It sets the relative weight of the image to the text and the default is 0.25. Essentially, do you want the original image you uploaded to be more or less the same after the next prompt? If you want it closer to the original image, choose a higher value, but the default is 0.25.

What does the “MJ version 4” button do?

If you’ve opened up the “/settings” function in Discord in the Midjourney bot, you’ll be confronted with a lot of options. The main one is at the top, where you get to choose which version of Midjourney you want to use.

The latest one (Midjourney version 4 at the time of this writing) is often in beta mode and will have restrictions on what functions you can use and often a lower maximum image quality.

What does the “stylize” button do in Midjourney?

Using the “- -stylize” function in Midjourney essentially changes how artistic or crazy the resulting images will be. You can also set these to be automatic in the “/settings” function, where they have “Style low” and other options. Lastly, you can use a shortened version of the command which is “- -s”.

The numbers have to be between 625 and 60000, with the default being 2500. Using the full 60,000 number can result in some crazy cool (but far away from your text) images. Try it out!

What does the “- -quality” function do in Midjourney?

Using the “- -quality” function determines how much computing time is spent to create your image. You can also use a shortcut for the function, “- -q”.

You can use the values 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 to set this, but the default is 1. So for example, if you used “- -q 0.25”, your image would be rougher but 4 times faster and cheaper, in terms of computing time.

What does the “- -chaos” function do?

If you type in “- -chaos” with a number between 0 to 100 after, you’ll change how crazy the output is. Lower numbers are more normal, per see, with values closer to 100 being more and more unusual based on the text input.

What does the “- -stop” function do in Midjourney?

You can stop any job at a percentage of completion by typing in “- -stop” and a number between 10 to 100 (think of it as 10% to 100% completed). This function doesn’t work with upscaled images yet.

What does the “- -video” function do in Midjourney?

If you type in “- -video”, Midjourney will create a mini progress video and send it to you in the DM folder. Note, you have to react with the envelope emoji ✉️ button to get the link to the video. This isn’t available with upscaled images yet.


J.J. Pryor

Head over here for more of my weekly shenanigans.

You might also be interested in reading about how to fix Midjourney errors.

One thought on “Midjourney: How to Use Bot Commands, Settings, and Features

  • Reply amcstocks January 25, 2023 at 1:05 am

    thanks so much for sharing those tips but please can you give a great command for different size and for the best quality that midjourney can provide , the max image size and quality , thanks

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